What is a migraine?

Definition of a Migraine

A migraine is characterized by a severe throbbing pain that is usually located on one side of the
head and can persist for hours to days for each attack. Associated symptoms include nausea,
vomiting, photophobia (sensitivity to light), photophobia (sensitivity to sound), and dizziness.

In some, migraines may be accompanied by a “migraine aura” which is defined as visual, language, sensory, or motor disturbances. These auras can occur before or during a migraine attack.

There are several ways to treat migraines with the most common methods being acute
medications (which are taken during an attack), and preventative medications (which can be taken
orally or via an injectable), such as Botox injections.

A migraine headache may be diagnosed by a primary care doctor.However, a neurologist consultation is recommended, especially if a patient is having frequent headaches.

Are Migraines Common?

Research indicates that more than 37 million people deal with migraines, and approximately 5 million people in the United States experience at least one migraine per month. Migraines tend to affect women more frequently than men (18% of women compared to 6% of men), and they are most common in people between the ages of 35 and 55.

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